82924 “LO LO MIA” 1949 NAVAJO & APACHE NATIVE AMERICAN TRIBES / INDIANS EDUCATIONAL FILM

This 1949 film takes a look at certain Native American people, including tribes of the Navajo and Apache tribes as they make an annual pilgrimage to the so-called “Indian Capital” of Gallup, New Mexico. The film was produced by Phil E. Cantonwine (:19) and narrated by Perry King (:24). It is of the educational series call “Know Your Land” (:32). It opens with swaths of the Native American’s lands with their primitive dwellings erected onto it (:45). The Native Americans had managed to retain a simple and patient way of life that had been preserved over centuries (1:04). A Navajo squaw is seen working with wool pulled from the tribe’s sheep (1:30) which will be weaved into the large rugs that are world renowned (1:48). Riding along a modern highway with automobiles, is a caravan of Native Americans in carriages drawn by horses as they begin the long pilgrimage to Gallup (2:11). Annually, various tribes from the great plains and the entire south west head for Gallup where they worship and will conduct traditional dances (2:31). Native American banners are seen waving in Gallup (2:42) and the parade is to be opened by the American flag (2:51). Native tribes follow (2:57). The ceremonies conducted include dances which the natives do in the same way as their ancestors had centuries ago (3:19). Each movement is to be done according to the ancient law of exactness (3:32). These dances are the oldest form of American folklore that exists and tell tales of the prehistoric race (3:36). Women of the Zuni tribe walk through the center of the parade with decorated pottery balancing on the tops of their heads (3:50). Apache double dancers follow (4:25) who are masters of intricate step dances. Native American wagons are seen riding through the parade procession towards the ceremonial grounds as spectators look on (5:08). Tribal dances will be seen here as well as bronco riders (5:25). While William the Conqueror invaded England in 1066, the Native Americans of the south west were in their golden era of pueblo building (5:53). Here they conduct the same buffalo dances they had conducted centuries ago (6:01). The animal ceremonies are among the oldest of their traditions (6:01) as nature is deeply rooted in their spiritual beliefs. Some of the dances are conducted for rain or for banishment of fear in tormented souls (6:37). Scenes of bronco riders attempting to rope cattle follows (7:17). All of the tribes held the belief that animals had the gift of speech and many tribes have legends around specific animals (9:07). The Apache dictate that it was the coyote who brought them fire and they uphold the animal with respect because of this (9:11). The Navajo however, see the coyote as an unfavorable omen and if one of the tribesmen is to cross paths with a coyote on route for a journey, they will turn back and wait three days prior to starting out again (9:15). All of the tribes respect the buffalo (9:28). Most of the dances are spiritual, though some are done specifically for fun such as one with a man from the Pueblo tribe conducting a gymnastic dance through hoops (10:16). This is the final dance of the ceremony and the tribes will begin to make their long voyage home afterwards (10:37). The film begins to wrap up with another shot of the Native American’s land and with a piece of a Native American phrase for goodbye which is ‘forbid that I judge any man until I have walked for two moons in his moccasins” (12:02). The film ends at (12:17) and was presented by Bengal Picture.

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